Published on August 14th, 2013 | by Tom


What is Osteoporosis? Symptoms & Treatment

Osteoporosis, one of the most common diseases, occurs when bones become thin and fragile and more likely to break. It is more common in older people, particularly older women. Nearly half of women beyond 50 years old have fractures due to osteoporosis.

Aging is the leading cause of osteoporosis, other factors, such as being small or thin, a family history of osteoporosis and taking certain medicines can also lead to a fracture. Osteoporosis is a very silent disease, and it is hard to notice unless you break your bone. This article will help you get better prepared by proving you with the symptoms and treatment of osteoporosis.

Symptoms of osteoporosis

Perhaps the most warning sign of osteoporosis is fracture, since this disease has not any obvious symptoms until fractures occur. People with osteoporosis are more likely to break bones in hip, spine and waist, which will cause severe pain. So if you have already experienced one or two fractures, you should be alarmed that your bones are weaker than optimal.

Other early signs of osteoporosis may include:

-painful joints

-difficulty standing and siting straightly

Treatment for osteoporosis

Life style changes

  1. Keep a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D. Calcium plays a key role in building and maintaining healthy bone. According to a Canadian study, nearly 43% osteoporosis patients in Europe are recommended to take calcium and vitamin D supplement as their treatment. To maintain the calcium level, you can either eat food rich in calcium, such as milk and fish, or take calcium supplements. But calcium alone is not enough, and you should also guarantee the supply of Vitamin D, which will enhance intestinal absorption of calcium in your body. Do some outdoor activities, since sunlight is the best source of vitamin D. of course, you can also take vitamin D supplements.
  2. Perform regular exercises. Regular exercise is very essential in the preservation of bone density for old people. Many exercises are recommended for people with osteoporosis, such as walking, jogging, dancing and yoga. Performing one type of them on a daily basis will effectively reduce your chance of fractures. But avoid intensive and high impact activities that will cause fallings.
  3. Quit unhealthy habits, such as smoking. Control your alcohol intake since drinking too much alcohol can damage your bones, increasing your risk of falls.
  4. To prevent fallings. Don’t take medicines that will make you sleepy and unsteady. Install safety grab bars in your bathroom and wear comfortable shoes and walk steady and slowly while you are going out.

What is Osteoporosis? Symptoms & Treatment

image @ midtowndentistry

Medications for osteoporosis

The key is to strengthen the bones and prevent them from fractures.

  1. Bisphosphonates is the major medicine for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.  This medicine is a non-hormonal drug used to prevent the loss of bone density.
  2. Estrogens, teriparatide, raloxifene, and calcitonin are also medications recommended for the preservation of bone density.
  3. The key point for taking medicines is to strengthen the bones and thus prevent the bones from fractures. Drugs recommended above all have that function, but there are many side effects in taking those medicines. For example, a common side effect of estrogens is hot flashes, and it is not recommended for patients with a history of blood clots. So consult your doctor before you start the medication treatment.

Stem cell therapy – research showed that stem cells can curb osteoporosis and enhance bone growth. So stem cell therapy can be another choice for treating osteoporosis.

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