Published on July 7th, 2013 | by Tom


What Is Arthritis? Types, Symptoms & Treatment of Arthritis

What Is Arthritis

Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. Once people get Arthritis, the pain and stiffness may be intolerable. Though always being understood as a single disease, arthritis is actually cover more than 100 different forms among which the most common one is Osteoarthritis.

Arthritis affects the musculoskeletal system and specially the joints (the meeting part of two or more bones). The joints may be severely damaged over time because of arthritis. Other organs including eyes, chest, and skin can also be affected by arthritis.

Types of Arthritis

There are various types of arthritis; here we introduce some common ones:

Osteoarthritis: the most common form of Arthritis usually affects people at an old age. But sometimes osteoarthritis may occur because of a badly injury. The connective tissue between bones of the affected people gradually wastes away, causing painful rubbing in the joints.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: a more severe but less common form can attack body’s immune system and destroy the affected joints. Pain and swelling is the most common symptoms. Women seem to be more vulnerable than men and people ages between 40 and 50 years old are reported to be the main target.

Gout: caused by crystals that build up in the joints and mainly affects the big toe

Lupus(LOOP-us): many organs such as the heart, the skin, the kidneys can be affected and inflammation in the body’s tissues is the main symptom.

Reactive arthritis: a painful form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in reaction to bacterial infection, affecting joints, eyes and urethra.

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA): person aged 16 or less is the main target and there are several types too among which the main three types are Pauciarticular JRA (most common and mildest), Polyarticular JRA (more severe) and Systemic JRA (most serious).

What Is Arthritis? Types, Symptoms & Treatment of Arthritis

image via [cdac]

Symptoms of arthritis

The symptoms vary for different types of arthritis, but there are some common symptoms including:

  • Pain and stiffness in joints
  • Swelling
  • Inflammation
  • Movement reduction
  • Redness and warmth of the skin
  • Muscle wasting

Treatment of Arthritis

Purchase proper medications. It is important or even necessary for people with arthritis to seek medical treatment.

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) drugs. Being effective for headaches muscle aches, fever and minor pain treatment, they are the most commonly prescribed drugs. Higher dose of NSAIDs can help reduce joint inflammation too. Traditional NSAIDs are the largest subset of NSAIDs.
  • Salicylates. Frequent large dose of salicylates like aspirin can control the arthritis pain and inflammation effectively, while the risk is high. Nonacetylated salicylate with fewer side-effects is especially designed for patient can’t stand the risky of aspirin.
  • COX-2 inhibitors: good pain and inflammation reducer, COX-2 have fewer stomach and gastrointestinal side-effects but may increase cardiovascular risks.
  • Anti-malarial, Minocycline, Methotrexate, Sulfasalazine, Glucocorticoids are some useful medicines that can help treating the arthritis.

Keep a healthy diet

Diet is vital for arthritis patients. You should receive critical nutrients and control your weight. Overweight will worsen your arthritis by adding extra weight on the joints. In contrast, a few pounds lose may make a difference too. Mediterranean diet was proved to be effective in reducing the disease, which is consisted of more fish, fruit, vegetables, cereals and beans. So:

  • Limit your sugary and fatty food intake. Red meat, cream, cheese should be avoided.
  • Eat more fruit and vegetables.
  • Whole grain foods are good choice.
  • Omega 3 oils form fish or algae source can help reducing inflammation. Reduce saturated fats which contribute to inflammation in the diet and increase the intake of Omega 3 Oils.

Keep moving. Leave your joints fixed may be a little comfortable but does nothing well to the treatment. You should overcome the pain and stiffness and keep exercising which can keep the arthritis active and control the symptoms.

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