Published on August 14th, 2013 | by Tom0
Stress Fracture Foot Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention
Stress fracture is a small crack in a bone, mostly in the weight-bearing bones of the foot or the lower leg. Most of the stress fractures are caused by repetitive stress and striking between the foot and the ground, putting too much pressure on the bones and thus causing a stress fracture. So athletes like runners, basketball players and dancers are at a high risk of stress fractures which will cause significant pain and discomfort. Read this article and learn how to treat a stress fracture.
Symptoms of stress fractures
- A slight discomfort in the front of the weight wearing foot.
- Pain that becomes intensive gradually with the increasing of activity, and vanishes if you rest.
- Swelling on the top of the weight wearing foot or around the ankle.
- Tenderness at the fracture site
Treatment of stress fractures
- Stop exercising immediately at the onset of the pain. If the pain goes away when you stop exercising, and comes back once you resume the activity, you may have a frature.
- Take off your shoes to unload the pressure and elevate your injured foot. Apply an ice pack to ease the swelling for 20 minutes, 3-4 times per day, if necessary you can apply more.
- Take the acetaminophen. Take the acetaminophen according to the instruction for pain relief. Remember not to take Naproxen and Ibuprofen, since they may potentially delay the recovery of bone injuries.
- Go to your doctor. Once your pain and swelling have been eased, you may go to the doctor to have an X-ray to identify your severity of your injury. Or the doctor may recommend you some prescriptions.
- Have a good rest. Do not even think of running or playing basketballs, minimize your movement, and give enough time for your injured bone to heal. If you really want to, substitute the high-impact activity with one that presses little pressure on your foot, for example, limited time of swimming.
- Casts. Severe cases, such as stress fractures in the fifth metatarsal bone or in the navicular or talus bones, will take very long time to recovery. In this condition a cast may be recommended to keep your bones in a fixed position and reduce the stress on the injury. You may use crutches before your complete recovery.
image @ blogspot
Prevention of stress fractures
- Keep a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D. A stronger bone is less likely to get a stress fracture. So try to get more calcium and vitamin D supply in your diet. You can eat food like dairy products or take calcium supplements to maintain your calcium level. And vitamin D, which promotes the absorption of calcium, can be supplied by fortified milk or 20 minutes of sunshine 3 times a week.
- Perform regular exercises. Exercise plays an important role in strengthenting the bones in your body. Low impact exercises, such as walking, jogging, yoga are very beneficial.
- Wear protective shoes. Protective footwear, such as a stiff-soled shoe, a wooden-soled sandal or a removable short-leg fracture brace shoe will help you reduce stress on your foot and leg.
featured image @ drdavidgeie