Kidney stones refer to a hard mass of minerals and organic matters formed in the kidney. More and more people are being affected by kidney stones. Once the normal balance of water, salts, minerals and other substances found in urine changes, kidney stones may form. So many factors, for example medical conditions, genetics, inadequate water consumption may contribute to the formation of kidney stones. But there are also many methods can be taken to prevent kidney stones. Here are some suggestions.
Usually, the symptoms of kidney stones including:
Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
Pain while urinating
Pink, red or brown urine
Urge to urinate constantly
Urinate more often
Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin
Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
Kidney Stones Prevention:
Drink more water. More intake of fluids can decrease the risk of developing kidney stones. Make sure drink more than 21/2 liters of water every day to lower your chance of suffering from kidney stones. However, grapefruit juice and cola drinks should be avoided, which proved to be the contributors of kidney stones.
Change your diet. Diet is the key for preventing kidney stones. But the recommendations for different type of kidney stones vary too.
For calcium oxalate stones: the sodium intake should be limited. Animal protein, such as meat, eggs and fish should be avoided. Foods high in oxalate like nuts, wheat bran and spinach that contribute to the kidney stones should be reduced as well. Instead, consume food containing calcium or take calcium supplements with food
For calcium phosphate stones: reduce sodium and animal protein. Get enough intake of calcium
For uric acid stones: limit the intake of animal protein.
In all, no matter what the type of the kidney stone is, you should choose a diet low in salt and animal protein which rich in calcium. And a diet high in potassium and magnesium can help decrease the chance of getting kidney stones too.